Sleep allows the baby to recover, grow and develop its brain .
The number of hours of sleep per day
A baby sleeps a lot during the first months of its life.
It spends more time asleep than awake, but this time gradually shortens with waking time taking precedence.
Naps during the day
- Birth: approximately 8 - 18 hours per day.
- 1 to 3 months: 7 - 18 hours per day.
- 4 to 5 months: 5 to 16 hours per day: during this period the patterns of sleep become a little more stable.
- 6 to 8 months: 4 to 15 hours per day.
- 9 to 12 months: 3 to 14 hours per day.
- From birth to 6 months: 3 naps are often necessary: one at the end of the morning and two in afternoon.
- 9 months to 1 year: generally the nap at the end of the afternoon is enough, with no more necessary.
Advice to ensure your baby sleeps well
- Do not let the baby sleep completely in the dark either during the day or night. Babies have difficulty in differentiating between day and night until the age of 3 to 4 months. Placing a night light in its room during the night time would be advised.
- Do not rush your baby to sleep: explain the baby it is going to sleep, so it gradually gets used to the idea.
- Do not stimulate your baby which might excite and irritate it before going to sleep.
- Create a calm and reassuring environment in the room
- Be patient, allow time for your baby to fall asleep babies do not sleep on demand, they need a few moments to settle and drift off to sleep.
- Avoid changing the cot's position. Keep the furniture in its room in the same position helping with familiarity and a routine.
- Identify the moments when your baby is ready to be laid down, observe for clues when it is tired, for example, crying, agitated, rubbing its eyes and whining
- Set a routine which will reassure it and help make it sleepy :
- Give it a teddy bear
- Sing a lullaby
- Cuddle it
- Play with the mobiles suspended above its cot ...
- Avoid checking your baby every fifteen minutes to see if it has fallen asleep, opening doors and noise can disturb it causing the baby to wake.
- Do not go immediately into its room as soon as it cries. Wait for a few moments in order to see if it settles and falls back to sleep.
- Babies often cry for a few moments during its sleep and quickly fall back to sleep again. As a parent you quickly learn how to recognise these cries and those requiring more attention. A baby sometimes wakes up to 8 times per night: these mini wake ups last a few minutes, from approximately 1 to 10 minutes. These babies may cry and grunt and are able to sleep alone, so avoid intervening each time as babies sometime struggle to fall asleep alone.
- Avoid loud noises at home and brights lights in its room: they can both startle and upset your sleeping baby.
Avoid sedative syrups without medical advice and do not punish it by putting it to bed.
The World Health Organisation (WHO)'s advice is for the baby to sleep in the parents' room for the first 6 months. These are guidelines which support the prevention of cot death. Doctors usually advise that babies sleep in their own room after 6 months to avoid sleep disturbances and behavioural changes.
Babies whose mothers were very stressed or depressed during their pregnancy may have difficulties with sleeping or find it difficult to fall asleep.
Sing a song or a lullaby
Sing a song or a lullaby:
- Reassures and soothes the baby
- Makes the baby more stable
- Maintains its early memory
- Prepares the baby for sleep
- Helps the baby with separating from its parent before falling asleep
- Relaxes the baby thus helping with suction when feeding
Read : "the role of the lullabies in the psychic development of the baby" DR. Karine Leydier, June 2007
How to lay your baby down?
- It is vital to lay the baby down on its back since the belly position increases the risk of sudden death syndrome: Positioned on its back the baby's face is free and it can breath without constraint.
- Leave the baby's face free from any obstructing objects
- Do not add cloths, covers, feather beds or pillows because of the risk of suffocation.
- Avoid cuddly toys
- The temperature of the room should not exceed 18 to 20 degrees: Many parents think that a warm room will benefit their child's health: because of this myth some children may develop allergies caused by dustmites (eczema, bronchiolitis, asthma, rhinopharyngitis...). Indeed, dustmites multiply more when the temperature of the room is high.
- Do not smoke in the baby's room
- Choose a cot with cot sides, a firm mattress designed for that cot and is the appropriate size for your baby.
Sommeil de bébé
El sueño del bebé
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