The Cretan diet or Mediterranean diet reflects the lifestyle of those who live in the Mediterranean basin, Greece, Crete, Italy, countries which use olive oil in their food.
Cardiovascular mortality is lower in Crete than other countries.
This diet is associated with "good health" and longevity.
- It is based on a healthy diet, balanced and rich in fresh fruit, vegetables and cereals.
- It helps to prevents cardiovascular disease.
- Olive oil contains unsaturated mono fatty-acids which improves the rate of good cholesterol and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- It limits saturated fats causing an increase in bad cholesterol
Food to avoid or reduce
- Red meat
- Dairy products containing cow's milk
Foods that are encouraged
- Olive oil, rapeseed and soya oil
- Raw, cooked or dry fruits
- Leguminous plants (groundnut, garden peas, soya, lenses.)
- Meat, egg and cheese consumption (ewe, goat) is possible, but in minor amounts
- 1 or two glasses of wine per day
- It enables you to eat natural food
- It maintains an ideal weight over a long period.
It does not have a really negative aspect, but this diet represents a healthy approach to eating and it does not always involve weight loss.
Régime crétois - Régime méditerranéen
La dieta cretense