Egg and sperm donation

January 2017

In the UK, approximately 2000 children are born through donation.

According to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA), it is estimated that 500 sperm and 1200 egg donations per year are required in the UK.

Prior to April 2005, the donation of sperm, eggs or embryos could be anonymous.

The UK Government lifted this rule, so that now anyone born from these methods can obtain donor information when they reach 18 years of age.

There is also a limit of ten families to which an individual can donate.

Sperm donation


  • Sperm donation is useful for male infertility due to sperm abnormalities.
  • It is also effective if a man is infected with a serious disease such as HIV for example.
  • According to The British Fertility Society, the donor must be aged between 18 and 40 years old
  • The donor must be healthy and have no family history of any genetic conditions
  • The donor has no legal, financial or social responsibilities any child born through donation
  • The donor must have had a full series of screening tests before donation. This will include:
    • General physical examination
    • Sperm analysis
    • Blood tests (for example, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, cytomegalovirus and HIV)


For further information:
Please see the leaflet produced by The National Gamete Donation Trust:
http://www.ngdt.co.uk/images/stories/pdfs/becoming_a_sperm_donor.pdf

Egg donation

  • Egg donation is useful for female infertility due to ovulation abnormalities.
  • It is also effective if a woman has a serious illness or has had treatment for cancer.
  • The donor must be aged between 18 and 35 years old
  • The donor must be healthy and have no family history of any genetic conditions
  • The donor has no legal, financial or social responsibilities any child born through donation
  • It is possible to donate eggs even if you have been sterilised.
  • The donor must have had a full series of screening tests before donation. This will include:
    • General physical examination
    • Egg analysis
    • Blood tests (for example, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, cytomegalovirus and HIV)
  • Egg donation is more intensive than sperm donation.
  • Donors are required to receive inhaled of injectable medication to stimulate the ovaries, and also need regular blood tests and ultrasound scans to monitor the eggs.
  • The eggs are then removed with local or general anaesthesia depending on the clinic


For further information:
Please see the leaflet produced by The National Gamete Donation Trust:
http://www.ngdt.co.uk/images/stories/pdfs/becoming_an_egg_donor.pdf

Additional sources of information


For more information, please visit the HFEA (The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority) website at:
http://www.hfea.gov.uk/3422.html

The National Gamete Donation Trust is a government-funded charity to help to raise awareness of egg and sperm shortage, and also list all licensed centres in the UK:
http://www.ngdt.co.uk/

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Latest update on October 3, 2010 at 01:13 PM by N.T.
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