Sore throat - swollen ganglion

May 2017

Definition


Sore throats cause pharyngeal pain caused by inflammation located in the oral cavity, the larynx and / or pharynx.

Symptoms


The symptoms of a sore throat include redness of the throat associated with difficulty in swallowing.

Other symptoms

  • The increase in volume of submaxillary ganglia
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness
  • Stains inside the throat
  • Stuffy nose sensation
  • Sneezing

Causes


The sore throat causes are multiple. It can be caused by:

Viral or bacterial angina


Angina is an inflammation of the tonsils and pharynx. It affects children from the age of about 2 years of age when the tonsils develop.

Tonsils are located at the bottom of the groove on each side of the oral cavity. They develop during the second year. The tonsils have the role to fight against infections.

The symptoms are:
  • Tiredness
  • Sore throat : pain when swallowing
  • Fever between 38 and 40 ° C
  • Inflammation of the throat
  • Headache
  • Presence of ganglia in the neck
  • Vomiting may occur ...


Treatment involves reducing fever with antipyretics before any medication. Decrease the pain with painkillers or anti-inflammatories. Finally, consider an antibiotic if angina is caused by bacteria.

Nasopharyngitis


Nasopharyngitis is the ENT disease that affects more people, adults and children.

According to a study published in 2007 by the DREES , nasopharyngitis is the principal disease for which children consult a GP. Nasopharyngitis means a benign inflammation of the upper floor of the pharynx

It represents about 18.6 % of diagnoses , more than angina ( 10.2%) , acute bronchitis (7.5% ) or otitis ( 6.8%).

The main culprits are viruses nasopharyngitis: more than 200 viruses have been identified as potentially causing nasopharyngitis .

The symptoms of nasopharyngitis are: fever, runny nose , sneezing, sore throat, cough. Vomiting or diarrhea are sometimes observed. Nasopharyngitis usually begins with a fever .

Its duration rarely exceeds 7 to 10 days .

Complications such as otitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, or bronchitis may occur during nasopharyngitis .

Allergy


An allergy can be the cause of throat pain most often with itchy palate.

The allergy may be caused by mites, pollens or animal.

Laryngitis


Laryngitis is an acute inflammation of the larynx caused by infection, bacterial or viral, or allergy. Edematous and inflamed during laryngitis, larynx thus prevents the passage of air.

It follows a violent respiratory discomfort which may progress to a severe form as asphyxiation. Laryngitis most often affects children between 1 and 6 years. Laryngitis is caused by a virus most often.

Symptoms of laryngitis include:
  • Violent cough and hoarse appearing suddenly.
  • Episodes of asphyxiating cough , pauses in breathing and cyanosis (bluish lips).
  • Discomfort Breathing.
  • Sudden onset cough (usually at night) whereas the child felt good.


Acute subglottic laryngitis is the most common laryngitis in children . It is more common in boys and is essentially viral. It occurs throughout the year, especially in winter, often overnight. It follows an ordinary nasopharyngitis.

The temperature is low, most of the time between 38 and 39 degrees.
Respiratory discomfort settles with the appearance of a hoarse voice and hoarseness.

The following signs indicate a need to call emergency 911 :
  • breathing is increasingly difficult
  • child who does not cry
  • thorax widens with each breath
  • child with a pale sweaty face
  • cyanotic lips (bluish)


Call for emergencies 911 or doctor
  • Keep calm and relax: panic and anxiety may increase the risk of asphyxiation
  • Whisper
  • Apply wet compresses on the forehead
  • Let the child in a sitting position and certainly not lying
  • Give corticosteroids if the doctor has prescribed.
  • Moisten the atmosphere


To treat fever:
  • uncover the child
  • apply a wet towel on his forehead
  • check that the room temperature is between 19 and 20 degrees
  • give enough to drink, every 10 minutes
  • give one medicine to lower temperature;
  • do not give other medicines without medical prescription;
  • consult your doctor if fever persists or/and appearances symptoms as diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, rashes, etc..

Other causes


Other causes can cause sore throat as: reflux, allergy, tobacco, household pollutants, stress, very dry air, poorly maintained air conditioning or too high, a throat cancer ... not exhaustive list .

Related

Latest update on November 23, 2013 at 06:20 AM by Crashounette.
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