Most severe asthma attacks and the resulting deaths, can be avoided.
- At the time of a severe attack, patient's find it very difficult to breathe, talking is difficult and they are unable to express themselves.
- The heart rate increases and an inability to get enough air into the lungs causes the lips and fingers to become blue.
- Some asthmatics do not show any other symptoms other than a severe breathlessness or a great fatigue. Doctors sometimes cannot hear any wheezing during medical examinations, these silent symptoms are a sign that there is no air entry into the lungs.
- Doctors diagnose a severe attack by examining the patients including measuring their lung function with a peak flow (PF) meter. When the PF reading is 60% below the patients best reading then an emergency ambulance is required and hospital admission.
- The risk is more important among women and with increasing age.
- Poor living conditions and lower socio-economic classes are more likely to suffer from severe asthma attacks.
- Severe asthma touches primarily people over forty-five, but a child still dies every week of asthma.
- Most cases of severe asthma attacks occur in people who do not have an appropriate treatment, do not take their medication correctly or who are poorly managed.
- Some attacks happen as a result of poor patient compliance and the refusal of patients to accept their asthmatic condition. Medication and treatment plans are not followed and symptoms soon spiral out of control.
Risk factors of severe asthma
- Poor compliance to treatment
- Having many allergies - being atopic with continuing exposure to allergens..
- Food intolerances can cause a severe attack </gras
- Females between the ages of 15 - 55 are more at risk of a severe attack.
- A history of previous severe attacks.
- Heavy and increased use of beta 2 agonists inhalers (salbutamol).
- Night times between midnight and 8 am is a vulnerable time
- Cardiovascular diseases
L'asthme peut être une urgence vitale
El asma puede convertirse en una urgencia vital