Gastric acid - Definition

March 2017


Definition


Gastric acid is one of the components responsible for digestion in the stomach and one of the elements, with other enzymes, that make up gastric juice. This is a hydrochloric acid solution produced by the cells that make up the lining of the stomach. Gastric acid reduces the size of digested foods in the stomach, enabling them to take a digestible form for the organism. During digestion, gastric acid eliminates a large number of bacteria. A lack of gastric acid can expose the organism to infection. Gastric ulcers can be caused by an over-production of gastric acid.

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Original article published by . Translated by Jeff.
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