Anthrax - Definition

March 2017


Definition


Anthrax, also known as Woolsorter's or Ragpicker's disease in its respiratory form, is due to bacillus anthracis, a bacteria. It can occur both in humans and animals and the latter can transmit it to humans. Anthrax exists in pulmonary, gastro-intestinal, and cutaneous forms. The cutaneous form, currently the most common, begins with itching, then pimples appear which form a black scab. The gastro-intestinal form is rare and leads to bloody diarrhea. The respiratory form resembles the flu, but is very quickly aggravated and almost always fatal. We also refer to anthrax for the presence of numerous boils on the skin, due to a different bacteria, staphylococcus. Treatment rests on antibiotics.

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Original article published by . Translated by Jeff.
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