The medulla oblongata also called myelencephalon is the lower part of the brainstem
located in the skull. The medulla connects the brain and spinal cord
. Despite its small size, it plays an essential role in nerve transmission. The medulla is an autonomic nerve center, meaning it exercises a role in the automatic functioning of the organs; it has, among other functions, the regulation of the heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff
Latest update on December 11, 2013 at 04:06 AM by Jeff.