Abdominal, or central, obesity
refers to a significant excess of fatty mass localized in the upper part of the body, specifically around the abdomen
, creating a large "beer belly" stomach. It differs from gynoid fat distribution where the excess fat is more localized around the bottom and thighs. Abdominal obesity can be due to overeating and a lack of physical activity, and is more often seen in men. It can also be contributed to by hormonal disorders, genetic diseases, or sometimes medication such as cortico steroids taken over long periods of time. This type of fat distribution is more dangerous for the health than the gynoid type, as it is more often a precursor for diabetes and various cardiovascular problems. Treatment methods are based on the strict following of a diet, physical activity, and follow-up to monitor any complications
that may arise.