Osteoporosis - Definition

February 2017


Definition


Osteoporosis is a generalized disease of the skeleton characterized by reduced bone mineral density (BMD). This reduced BMD leads to alterations in the structural organization of the bone and increases its fragility, hence why fractures are so frequent when the bone is subjected to shocks, even slight impacts when the disease is advanced. Genetic, hormonal, and physiological factors are responsible, and it appears that lack of physical activity and vitamin D deficiency can also exacerbate the condition. A technique named dual energy x-ray absorptiometry enables the assessment of bone mineral density in different parts of the body, and by comparing the result with reference values, it is possible to confirm a diagnosis of osteoporosis. X-rays are sometimes useful, and treatment involves medication that slow the disease's destructive activity or increase bone formation.

Related

Published by Jeff. Latest update on November 12, 2013 at 05:57 AM by Jeff.
This document, titled "Osteoporosis - Definition," is available under the Creative Commons license. Any copy, reuse, or modification of the content should be sufficiently credited to CCM Health (health.ccm.net).