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Diabetic polyneuritis - Definition

August 2015


Definition


Diabetic polyneuritis is one of the most common forms of diabetic polyneuropathy, which is a neurological disorder associated with diabetes mellitus affecting the peripheral nerves, those that are not directly emerging from the central nervous system, brain or spinal cord. This disorder is characterized by a symmetrical attack on both sides of the body, with neural pain that feels like burns or crushing sensations, feeling loss, as well as parethesia (such as pins and needles or pricking sensations, mostly in the lower limbs), appearing progressively and slowly worsening. It is possible to reduce the risks and the effects of this disorder by regularly monitoring blood sugar levels and administering medication selected to obtain the best possible control of the diabetes, given that it is the chronic excess of blood sugar that causes this disorder. Diabetic polyneuritis essentially affects the lower limbs, as it first attacks the longest nerve fibers.
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