The development of a mineral mass, called a stone or lithiasis, can affect various organs like the kidney, gallbladder, or certain glands. The formation of stones in the salivary glands is common in adults, and they consist mainly of calcium. Men are twice as likely as women to get stones. A stone in the salivary gland often goes unnoticed and is discovered by chance, but it may also be responsible for pain or complications like abscesses or infections of the salivary gland. It can then be detected by X-ray, ultrasound, or sialography, a specific technique used for screening salivary glands. The surgical removal of the stone is sometimes necessary.