A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that is minimally invasive. It is often used for abdominal surgery and in these cases, a small incision is made in the abdomen. Special surgical instruments and a small camera, a laparoscope, are inserted through the opening. Laparoscopy requires general anesthesia. It is widely used in gynecology for the removal of the appendix, spleen, and gall bladder. Laparoscopy reduces the risks of surgery, postoperative discomfort, and the size of the scar.