Colon - Definition

August 2017


Definition

The colon is commonly called the large intestine and corresponds to the part of the digestive tract between the small intestine and rectum. It measures, on average, 5 feet long in adults, and 3 inches in diameter and is divided into the four following segments: the right or ascending colon, transverse colon, left or descending colon, and the sigmoid colon . The colon finishes the processing of waste from the intestines into feces, which are then expelled through the rectum at its tip. Inflammatory colitis can develop in the colon, as well as cancer. Part of the colon can be removed in certain pathologies: this is called a colectomy.

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Published by Jeff. Latest update on August 19, 2014 at 12:42 PM by christelle.b.
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