The spleen is an abdominal organ located under the diaphragm to the left of the stomach. On average, this organ weighs around 200 grams and measures 12 by 7 centimeters in size and is 4 cm thick. It can sometimes be detected by touch when enlarged, a case called splenomegaly, and is located in the left of the hypochondrium
, the upper-left section of the abdomen
. Of its various functions, the spleen plays a major role in the immune system, that which defends the body
, by fabricating certain immune system cells
. This is also the reason why it sometimes becomes enlarged at times of infection
when white blood cells
are produced in excess. The spleen has another function, that of purifying the blood
through eradication of deficient red blood cells
, storing blood platelets
, and synthesizing blood cells
in fetuses. The spleen can be explored using ultrasonography, or possibly a scanner.
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff
Latest update on August 19, 2014 at 12:37 PM by christelle.b.