A stereotypy is an involuntary and continual repetition of a word, gesture, or tic. This can cause profound social isolation. The affected person can, for example, become stuck in a loop of repeating the same syllable, which is called echolalia. When a stereotypy consists in subconsciously repeating the same gesture, it is called motor stereotypy, or a tic. Stereotypies are particularly common accompaniments to neurosis
in adults, or in autism in children. In the latter case they manifest from a very young age, and are even an indicative sign of autism. By directly treating the cause behind the stereotypies, they can be cured. If the cause is incurable, it is nevertheless possible to more or less "control" stereotypies with various treatment methods.
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff