is a skin condition caused by a parasite called the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. The female mite lays eggs in the epidermis by burrowing down through the layers. Scabies is an extremely contagious condition. It is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person, as well as with personal objects of infected people. These mites can be found in the bed, sofa, pillows, clothes, and so on, making them easy to transmit. In general, this type of condition is observed in places where good hygiene practices are difficult, such as homeless shelters or squats. Given the great ease with which this condition is transmitted, close friends and family of infected individuals should also be treated. Treatment methods include extra precautions that ensure the mites have been eradicated, such as washing clothes, bedding, furniture covers (that have been in contact with the infected person), and so on, all at least 60°C. Items that cannot be washed by machine can be treated with a pesticide, then confined in a closed bag.