A breast tumor
constitutes the appearance of a palpable lump in the breast, which is produced by an abnormal growth of breast tissue. These cases require an ultra sonogram or breast x-ray
, called a mammogram, to be performed for investigation of the lump. A breast tumor can be benign
, such as a cyst, fibroadenoma, or phyllodes tumor
, and require no treatment, or surgical ablation at most, if it represents severe discomfort. If the tumor is not removed then its progress will be monitored. If malignancy is suspected, a biopsy
is performed, where a sample is extracted, in order to analyze the nature of the growth. If cancer
is confirmed, a full work-up is conducted, consisting of different imaging procedures to verify if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other organs. Treatment methods therefore depend on the results of this work-up, with surgical removal a possibility, where either the tumor alone or the entire breast is removed, or radiotherapy or chemotherapy
. Hormonal therapy is sometimes prescribed following these treatments.