Urology is a surgical-medical specialty focused on the study and treatment of conditions affecting the entire urinary system, including the kidneys, the urethra
taking the urine from the kidneys to the bladder, the bladder, and the urethra transporting the urine from the bladder to be ejected from the body. Moreover, this field covers the study of the male reproductive system, which, for women, is covered by a gynecologist. This specialty is also concerned with conditions of the prostate, particularly involved in treating benign
or hyperplasia, as well as monitoring for any signs of cancer
. Doctors specializing in urology are called urologists. Many different urological conditions are treated surgically.