DSM-5 is the fifth edition of the DSM, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. It is a reference book created by APA, the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM aims to reference and classify criteria and research on mental disorders, constitute a common language used by all clinicians, understand the etiology and the frequency of a disorder, and if needed, establish public health actions. As the data is constantly evolving, updates are necessary. Published in May 2013, the DSM-5 is at the heart of controversy in the United States as well as in Europe.
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