Dysphasia is a disorder affecting verbal communication. It is related to expression, expressive dysphasia, oral comprehension, dysphasia or a combination of the latter. Dysphasia is a result of a brain dysfunction located in the area that controls language, causing serious disturbances in verbal expression and oral comprehension. It is a disorder that affects children, and most often boys. Its first signs appear during learning. Disphasia is different from aphasia, a term used to express the same problems, but in a context where there was no trouble before, typically in the aftermath of a stroke.
The telltale signs of dysphasia are:
- late language learning and a long period of silence;
- broken speech;
- disorders of phonation with words that are sometimes incomprehensible;
- a lack of vocabulary;
- problems with syntax;
- difficulty understanding;
- learning difficulties;
- impaired concentration;
- cognitive disorders with psychomotor retardation.
It is necessary to consult a doctor at the first signs of dysphasia, so that the latter can carry out a proper assessment. He will set up an interview with the family and get to know the child and his development. An ENT assessment is also often advised to study the child's hearing. It is sometimes advisable to consider additional tests, namely psychological and psychomotor assessments. After eliminating a disorder of organic origin, a speech therapist may be consulted and will give the child tests of lexical and syntactic comprehension as well as tests of expression.
The child will need to go through rehabilitation sessions. Family involvement is essential for successful treatment.
An early detection and treatment of dysphasia are essential to prevent troubles with school.