Hyperprolactinemia defines an excessive production of prolactin in the blood, which is a hormone synthesized in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland involved in stopping the menstruation and activating breast milk
production in women who have given birth
. When hyperprolactinemia is caused by an impaired function that requires consultation with an endocrinologist, it is advised to investigate a pituitary adenoma
that could be the cause of increased prolactin levels in cases that do not involve a pregnancy
. This could also be responsible for amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) and often bilateral galatorrhea (secretion of milk from both breasts). Addison's disease
, myxoedema, and the abuse of narcotics, can all also be the cause of hyperprolactinemia.
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff