Adenocarcinoma

June 2017


Definition


Adenocarcinoma, unlike adenoma, is a malignant tumor (cancer) that develops in the cells of a glandular mucosa (stomach, colon, lungs, etc..) or gland (prostate, ovaries, breast , thyroid, etc..). It can go unnoticed in the early stages, not triggering any symptoms until an advanced stage. It is desirable that the diagnosis be made as early as possible so that treatment is less invasive, and the chances of recovery are increased.

Symptoms


Adenocarcinoma can manifest itself in different ways, more or less severe, depending on:
  • the place where the cancer develops;
  • the stage of development.

Some symptoms, found in most adenocarcinomas, necessitate a consultation, such as:
  • unexplained, and sometimes rapid loss of weight;
  • loss of appetite;
  • the presence of lymphnodes;
  • severe fatigue.

Diagnosis


Some adenocarcinomas may, at an early stage, appear to be a single adenoma. In this case, in order to confirm the diagnosis, the health professional prescribes one or more of the following tests:
  • blood test;
  • biopsy;
  • removal of organic cells (FNA, smears, etc.).
  • endoscopy;
  • ultrasound;
  • mammography;
  • MRI;
  • etc.

Adenocarcinomas are categorized according to their nature:
  • grade, depending on their typology;
  • according to the TNM: malignancy of the tumor and its stage of development, namely:
    • T: primary, stage of development of the first tumor itself
    • N: lymph nodes, for a local extension of the tumor
    • M: secondary locations of the tumor, remote, affecting other organs.

These rankings allow the specialist to develop a medical procedure and to foresee the evolution of the prognosis.

Treatment


The treatment of adenocarcinoma includes:
  • surgery;
  • radiotherapy;
  • chemotherapy.


As an alternative to chemotherapy, hormone therapy can be used, which consists of the administration of hormones. The chances of remission, in other words healing, are now higher, but with at different levels depending on the type of cancer and its stage of advancement.

Prevention


A healthy lifestyle (no drugs, no smoking, no alcohol) and a balanced, varied and not excessive diet, as well as access to prevention campaigns, are all factors which limit the risk of developing cancer. Regular medical follow-ups are strongly recommended, and even more so when there is a positive family history of adenocarcinomas.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff. Latest update on June 3, 2013 at 01:07 PM by Jeff.
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