A fracture of the tibia, the bone of the inner part of the leg, is one of the most common fractures. The tibia is connected to the knee, with the patella (kneecap) and the femur, and to the ankle with the calcaneus bone of the heel. Under the effect of a violent shock (bad fall, car accident ...), the tibia can be broken along its length; in an ankle trauma, the lower end of the tibia can also be fractured. The symptoms in both cases are identical, with severe pain, swelling, and the appearance of a hematoma at the site of the fracture. An X-ray will be able to locate the fracture, as well as a possible fracture of the other leg bone (the fibula) which may be related. Depending on the age of the patient and whether the bones have moved or not, the treatment may include immobilization with a cast or surgery.