The human papillomavirus or HPV, is a virus where different subtypes exist and which is responsible for lesions on the skin or mucus membranes, especially sexual. It is particularly involved in warts, but also some sexually transmitted diseases, which can sometimes generate precancerous lesions of the cervix in women. The HPV16 is a type of papillomavirus affecting genital mucus and whose risk of cancer development is high. Infection can occur with small lesions in the vulvar or vaginal area and the virus can be identified by a smear. Prevention of infection is possible through safer sex when infected. In addition, there has been a preventive vaccine against HPV types, including HPV 16, most frequently found in cases of cervical cancer of the uterus.