Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH means an abnormal increase in the size of the prostate gland in men. The term benign prostatic hypertrophy is also used. It is very common in men over 50 years old and can cause pressure on the bladder and urethra, responsible for micturition disorders. It causes a frequent need to urinate, the need to start forcing the evacuation of urine, a weak stream, and late drops. Prostatic hyperplasia is diagnosed with a rectal examination that assesses the size and consistency of the gland. Drug treatments can reduce the volume of the prostate, and others enable a reduction of the symptoms.