refers to the discoloration of the skin or mucus membranes which take on a yellowish tint. It is due to excessive bilirubin
in the blood
initially, which then is deposited in the tissues. Jaundice is common in infants because of their immature hepatic system and is usually treated with phototherapy
: this is called neonatal jaundice
. Jaundice in adults may be due to many causes essentially hepatic in origin including hepatitis, cirrhosis
, biliary obstruction, or cancer
of the liver
area. Jaundice disappears once its origin is treated.