is a digestive organ which may be subject to inflammation
which can be acute or chronic. Colitis
or enterocolitis may be bacterial, viral or parasitic, or due to medications, or many other causes. It can also be secondary to the inflammation of the diverticula, small pockets in the colon wall, which can become infected. There are two major chronic inflammatory colon diseases
that are quite closely related: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
. Both diseases appear as attacks interspersed with periods when no symptoms are present. In both cases, there is bleeding, abdominal pain
, and diarrhea
. A colonoscopy
is a useful examination for exploring colon.