Testicular atrophy is a disease which results in the decrease of testicular size. The testicular atrophy may reduce or stop the organs' normal functioning and cause fertility
problems, or even infertility. Testicular atrophy is mainly caused by a disease or a condition such as certain genetic or childhood diseases, chronic infections, injury to the testicle as epididymitis or orchitis
, toxic causes such as chronic alcohol or drug use, chronic anemia
, or testicular cancer
. Anabolic steroids are also a frequent and recognized cause of testicular atrophy.
To diagnose testicular atrophy, the doctor or specialist will conduct an examination based on the medical history and lifestyle of the patient. He will then perform a physical examination with palpation of the testes and scrotum and an examination of the external genitalia. The consultation may lead to several tests that will confirm the diagnosis. Among them are:
- testicular ultrasound;
- a blood test;
- urological unbalance.
Testicular atrophy is manifested by a decrease in testicular size. Some symptoms may be associated with this disorder:
- testicular pain;
- impotence or sexual dysfunction;
- delays or disorders of puberty.
The treatment of testicular atrophy depends entirely on its origin. Patients should initially seek to cure the disease responsible for the atrophy. If the testicles have not further changed since the onset of the pathology, testicular atrophy can then be treated by a hormonal or surgical intervention.
Since childhood diseases, especially mumps
, increase the risk of testicular atrophy, vaccination is essential. Preventing testicular atrophy also involves the adoption of a healthy lifestyle where alcohol consumption is casual and drug use inexistent.
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff