Burnout is a rather contemporary disease, also known as the burnout syndrome. Misunderstood and misdiagnosed, burnout affects 10% of workers. Burnout is a form of general, physical and / or mental fatigue caused by stress
following a work experience perceived as excessive or too difficult. However, it is not considered a mental illness or a mental disorder by the medical profession. Burnout has both physical and mental implications for the body. Its treatment requires a medical and psychological care.
Burnout is medically considered to be a disorder of adaptation. The diagnosis is difficult to establish, although GPs and occupational medicine practitioners are aware of the disease. To diagnose a possible burnout, physicians spend a lot of time talking to a patient. A blood test may be ordered to determine a possible organic cause for the fatigue. A psychological assessment is imperative to establish a proper medical treatment and psychological counseling.
Burnout is physically and psychologically manifested in various manners depending on the individual patient. Among the psychological symptoms there are:
- lack of motivation;
- frustration, isolation;
- memory and concentration disorders;
- occasional suicidal thoughts.
The physical symptoms are:
- spreading pain;
- disorders of digestion;
- sleep disorders;
- rapid weight gain or loss.
The first step in treatment is to prescribe a break from work. It will last as long as necessary, and is essential to initiate the healing process. To recover from burnout, a patient also needs rest. The management of burnout involves psychotherapy provided by a psychologist. More rarely, the doctor may prescribe a medication such as: