is a gland located at the base of the neck, whose role is the secretion and regulation of the thyroid
hormones, which exert many functions in the body
. The thyroid may be at the root of certain autoimmune diseases
, by action of the organism's own antibodies
against the thyroid cells
. One example is Graves' disease
in which autoantibodies
bind to and stimulate the thyroid hormone
secretion: the result is hyperthyroidism
. Other autoimmune diseases affect
the thyroid but lead, on the contrary, to hypothyroidism
: the case of Hashimoto's thyroiditis
, which is due to immune deregulation with the production of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland by destroying some of its cells. Highlighting specific antibodies of these diseases on blood
samples enables the identification of the type of injury and the resulting treatment.
Published by Jeff
Latest update on December 11, 2013 at 03:41 AM by Jeff.