Marasmus is a very serious emaciation resulting from severe malnutrition, meaning an extremely inadequate intake of nutrients or in the context of the progression
of a long illness. It is similar to cachexia
, in which case the general health is also profoundly altered. Cases of marasmus are mainly found in regions where famine rages, or in the final stages of serious diseases
such as certain cancers. Treatment of marasmus is based on treatment of the cause, if a pathology
has been identified, but also by a gradual resumption of a normal diet when the patient is able to feed themselves. Otherwise, the nutrients must be reintegrated into the organism intravenously (infusion) or directly injected into the stomach via a stomach tube.