is an inflammation
of the meninges, the three membranes covering the entire central nervous system, brain and spinal cord
. In its most severe form, it is described as lightning and can be fatal. In this case, the inflammation is bacterial in origin and the causative organism is predominantly meningococcus. The patient is typically a young child, with clinical signs of meningism including headache
, high fever
, stiff and painful neck, sensitivity to light called photophobia, or sounds, called phonophobia. It may appear quickly on the skin, called purpura fulminans, known for its rapid onset, characterized by dark red spots do not disappear when pressure is exerted. In this case, the EMTs should be contacted to set up an emergency treatment with antibiotics
. Purpura fulminans can be fatal, but with early support, a cure is possible without relapse.