Rosacea is a dermatological skin disorder resulting in chronic redness of the face in adults. It most commonly affects women between the ages of 40 and 50, more frequent in people with light skin, eyes and hair. The physiological explanation of the phenomenon is unclear, but it is manifested by a disturbance in the blood vessels of the face. It is an incurable, progressive skin disease, whose attacks are most often triggered by extreme temperatures or sunlight. The disease can develop in several stages.
- Initially, rosacea may begin with the phenomena of successive outbreaks of sudden reddening of the face and neck accompanied by a feeling of hot flashes, lasting a few minutes each time,
- After a period of several outbreaks, diffuse and permanent redness will appear, mainly affecting the forehead, nose and cheeks. It is this stage which is called rosacea;
- Sometimes, the disease progresses to the presence of inflammation of the skin: the characteristic stage of rosacea;
- In its most intense form, which almost exclusively affects men, the rosacea can progress to rhinophyma, characterized by a red nose that increases in volume and whose skin is thickened.
In the case of rosacea, the diagnosis is clinical. Just go to a doctor or a dermatologist, who will make a diagnosis by a skin examination and questioning. In case of doubt, the doctor can perform a skin biopsy.
In undeveloped forms, certain medications such as creams can relieve the symptoms or reduce redness. In more advanced forms, the use of antibiotics sometimes may help improve the condition. At the stage of permanent rosacea, specific techniques such as electrocautery may have good results. Rhinophyma can also be treated by laser. Surgery may be considered in highly unsightly cases. Meanwhile, skin hygiene is important and simply washing one's face with warm water is recommended.
You cannot really prevent rosacea, but you can avoid the aggravation or the too frequent repetition of certain symptoms by avoiding temperature changes that are too intense, food and drinks that is too hot or spicy food, alcohol, skin irritants, and vasodilators.