Fibromyalgia, or diffuse idiopathic polyalgic syndrome, is characterized by the presence of chronic muscle pain. This pain can often be localized, but it is more generally diffused to many areas of the body. Fibromyalgia is usually accompanied by severe fatigue, and psychological exhaustion caused by these symptoms. In the vast majority of cases, this disease affects active women, young adult or middle-aged. Examinations don not find any explanation for the pain, hence the term "idiopathic" in the name of the syndrome, which explains the absence of any cause for the symptoms.
The symptoms of fibromyalgia are:
- usually diffuse muscle pain;
- bone pain;
- joint pain;
- any other type of pain affecting many areas, with no real connection between them;
- psychological fatigue;
- improvement of symptoms during the holidays or days of rest;
- high sensitivity to touch or during the mobilization of painful areas.
Fibromyalgia is a diagnosis of exclusion, that is to say it is made when no other explanation or cause is found. To make a diagnosis, symptoms (that are not always organized and do not always affect the same system), the long evolution of the disease, the improvement of symptoms during rest periods and aggravation at the resumption of work, all point to fibromyalgia.
There is no cure for fibromyalgia. Many treatments have been tested and are usually very effective.