Gardnerella vaginalis

March 2017


Definition


Gardnerella vaginalis is a bacterium that is involved in female genital infections such as superficial vulvitis or vaginitis. Gardnerella vaginalis is normally found in the vagina. However, under certain conditions, these bacteria may become pathogenic. It is then responsible for bacterial vaginosis, which disrupt the normal vaginal. Note that contamination of the partner is relatively uncommon in bacterial vaginosis, but it is nevertheless possible.

Symptoms


Symptoms present in bacterial vaginosis are relatively few in number, and consist mainly of a large amount of vaginal secretions, typically described as gray in color and foul smelling. There are usually no signs of inflammation, no redness, no pain and no itching.

Diagnosis


Before the flow of secretions of the vagina, called leukorrhea, the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is made by the discovery of Gardnerella vaginalis in secretions. An analysis of a sample of the vaginal discharge will find an alkaline pH, which signals a disturbance. A special microscopic analysis of the secretion will show characteristic cells.

Treatment


To overcome Gardnerella vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis, treatment with antibiotics is administered. The most commonly used antibiotic is metronidazole, which is taken once.

Prevention


To prevent vaginal infections in general, you should:
- have good personal hygiene;
- choose a suitable soap;
- Avoid aggressive and too frequent cleanings;
- use cotton underwear;
- Avoid wearing pants that are too close to the body;
- protect yourself during sex.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff.
This document, titled "Gardnerella vaginalis," is available under the Creative Commons license. Any copy, reuse, or modification of the content should be sufficiently credited to CCM Health (health.ccm.net).