The periosteum is a membrane that covers both long and flat bones. It is not, however, present in the joints. The periosteum is essential since it ensures the growth of bones and the proper functioning of the vascular system. The periosteum has a role in protecting the bones by transmitting information to the brain in case of pain
or fractures. In case of fractures, the periosteum's role is also to consolidate and repair the bone. The periosteum may also be at the source of diseases
such as periostitis, which results in inflammation
Original article published by
. Translated by christelle.b
Latest update on August 19, 2014 at 12:43 PM by christelle.b.