Logorrhea is a term that is characterized by the constant need to talk. The flow of speech is greatly increased, and the subject must express himself for long periods. It is frequently associated with cluttering (tachyphemia), which is similar, but features a faster speed of language and verbal stream. Logorrhea can be a symptom of a psychiatric disorder: manic state, schizophrenia
... It often reflects an associated tachypsychia, which is an accelerated course of thought.
Most of the time, logorrhea is manifested in the bipolar
person - this is a newer term for manic depression
, characterized by the transition between phases of depression with sadness, loss of desire, lack of motivation, withdrawal self-blame and manic phases with tachypsychia, logorrhea, cluttering, disinhibited behavior and hyperactivity.
Symptoms of logorrhea are easily identifiable. Patients:
- talk a lot and for a long time;
- their speech may be incoherent, sometimes referred to as a leakage of ideas;
- tachyphemia is distinguished in psychiatric pathology, but it is very similar insofar as it is an acceleration of the voice stream.
The diagnosis of logorrhea results from a simple observation, which is often made by relatives. A family with a history of manic or bipolar
disorder can easily identify a passage into a manic phase of a relative.
To "treat" logorrhea, one must take symptomatology in context. The treatment will differ depending on whether one is faced with a patient suffering from bipolar disorder, a manic crisis or even a schizophrenic isolated state. In the context of psychiatric disorders, antipsychotic
treatments will be implemented, as well as regular monitoring by a psychiatrist. In the manic patient, a molecule called lithium is often used, and blood
levels should be monitored. For bipolar patients, treatments to regulate mood using lithium salts usually are given chronically. In the case of a manic phase, this treatment is optimized, whereas a depressive phase antidepressant treatment is also added.