Staph infection

February 2017


Definition


A Staph infection is caused by a bacterial Staphylococcus, which consists of different strains, including Staphylococcus aureus. It may be present in all environments but also on the skin, mucous membranes in the nose and may sometimes cause no symptoms. It can however also be pathogenic (causing disease) and cause various infections including skin irritations, whose name varies depending on their location, i.e. boils, impetigo, styes, paronychia, folliculitis, or erysipelas. It can also be located in organs and infect the bone as in osteitis or osteomyelitis, or joints as in spondylitis in the intervertebral discs.

Symptoms


The events are as diverse as the locations where the staph infection can affect the body.

Diagnosis


A staph infection can be identified by cultures, namely aspirated liquid cultures or skin scrapings. The type of staph is identified by the staining of these cultures.

Treatment


Treating a staph infection involves the use of antibiotics. Depending on the type, the staph may be sensitive to the antibiotics, but it may also have developed resistance. The testing of different antibiotics helps to determine any resistance.

Prevention


Frequent and systematic hand washing and the sterilization of hospital utensils can prevent the transmission of staph infection, which can be pathogenic for one person, but not be for another. In all cases, it is essential to maintain good hygiene and to properly disinfect any wound. Lastly, in a hospital, any infected patient should be isolated.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff. Latest update on December 11, 2013 at 03:58 AM by Jeff.
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