Stress is a set of reactions in the body. These reactions are due to situations of stress faced by the body. The body reacts when it feels a threat, aggression or pressure and implements appropriate responses to address these situations. Infection
, disease or any other symptoms can lead to stress: this defines organic stress, but stress is a word most often used in a psychological sense. It is in this case often synonymous with anxiety
, and reflects a psychological response to an external event, seen as aggressive. Stress affects different people episodically or daily and some people are more sensitive than others. It can even be disabling. The causes of stress are many: work, trauma, anger, grief, depression
or apprehension of an event.
The symptoms of stress vary from person to person and are very diverse. These include:
- mental exhaustion;
- insomnia or nightmares;
- physical fatigue;
- digestive disorders;
- cardiovascular disorders;
- sexual disorders;
- sweaty palms;
The diagnosis of stress is made at the end of the examination by the doctor, regarding the lifestyle of the patient and the context and environment in which he lives, to find objective evidence and possible causes: trauma, changing jobs, getting into trouble in his business, personal events, etc.
Organic stress must be supported by treating the cause. Psychological stress can be treated with counseling, sometimes accompanied by medication. Therapy may be prescribed to the patient and often involves cognitive
-behavioral therapy, which examines the thought processes of the patient in order to identify the manner in which he deals with trauma, bad memories or other generators of stress. Time is also a healing factor. Prescription drugs
include anxiolytics, sleeping pills or antidepressants.