Candida albicans

July 2016


Definition


Candida albicans is a yeast, a sort of fungus, that is usually harmless and sits naturally in the genital tract, in the gastrointestinal tract, in the mouth or the skin. In some cases, it may become pathogenic and is then responsible for candidiasis, a fungal infection. This happens when the fungus grows on vulnerable organisms with impaired immune systems, particularly among individuals carrying the HIV virus or patients under immunosuppressive therapy (used for autoimmune diseases, for cancer or after a transplant). Typically, the lesions caused by Candida albicans on the skin or mucous membranes are not serious. But they may be more severe when they reach the digestive organs and lungs, and in extreme cases, candida albicans sepsis is possible.

Symptoms


Candida albicans manifests itself differently depending on its location. In immunocompetent" patients (whose defense systems are effective

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