Generalized anxiety disorder

July 2017


Definition


Generalized anxiety disorder is part of the old classification of anxiety neuroses. More commonly found in young adults and women, it consists of permanent symptoms of anxiety. This relatively common disorder affects approximately 2% of the population.

Symptoms


Generalized anxiety disorder has many symptoms:
  • permanent anxiety;
  • exaggerated apprehension for things that don't typically generate anxiety;
  • a feeling of not having control over one's worries;
  • fatigue and sleep disturbance;
  • tense muscles that are sometimes painful;
  • difficulty concentrating;
  • agitation, excitement;
  • tendency to get upset easily, to be irritable;
  • stomach pain and spasms;
  • sometimes other anxiety disorders such as the existence of panic attacks (sudden onset of a major state of anxiety that disappears quickly).

Diagnosis


To establish a diagnosis, the doctor will perform tests to eliminate any physical causes. The anxiety must be permanent and must peak at times. The diagnosis is made through an examination of the person complaining of anxiety disorders. In the case of generalized anxiety disorder, the latter prevents people from going about their daily activities and may last for several months.

Treatment


Sources of anxiety should be avoided to the maximum. Recommendations include smoking cessation, a reduction of the consumption of alcohol and coffee and regular physical activity. A type of therapy called cognitive-behavioral, usually has good success. This is often accompanied by medication to fight against anxiety such as anxiolytics or sometimes antidepressants. Learning to recognize the sources of anxiety and conquer them is a major part of the treatment. Other treatments can be very effective methods such as relaxation, supportive psychotherapy, or group psychoanalysis.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff. Latest update on July 23, 2013 at 12:30 PM by Jeff.
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