Cutaneous candidiasis

March 2017


Definition


Cutaneous candidiasis is a condition of the skin, hair and nails due to candida overgrowth, a yeast whose most common species is Candida albicans. Cutaneous candidiasis sometimes requires the taking of samples, but clinical analysis is usually sufficient to make a diagnosis. ==Treatment== can provide good results, but does not prevent recurrences.

Symptoms


Cutaneous candidiasis, favored by maceration, moisture and acidity, manifests itself with the appearance of intertrigo, a redness covered with a whitish coating, mainly located in the folds of the body, coupled with a cracked appearance of the these folds. The major folds affected are under the breasts, between the buttocks, in the groin region, as well as the areas located between the fingers. In the nails, a candida infection is present in the form of a painful swelling and inflammation.

Diagnosis


A culture is sufficient to diagnose cutaneous candidiasis. It is to be performed in case of doubt and allows:
  • a direct examination of yeasts;
  • a cultivation that is useful for identifying the fungus that is infecting the skin.

Treatment


The evaluation of the factors that contribute to cutaneous candidiasis (maceration, humidity) accompanies treatment. This latter depends on the systematic administration of topical antifungals, in dosage forms and treatment lengths that are adapted to the location of the cutaneous candidiasis. In parallel to his antifungal treatment, the patient should use suitable bathing products, such as neutral or alkaline soaps. Infected nails should be cut. Creams and lotions are needed to treat the nails, and sometimes even a prolonged oral treatment is required.

Prevention


With the prevention of fungal infections in general and cutaneous candidiasis in particular, the risk of recurrence is decreased. One should avoid excessive sweating and practice good personal hygiene. The uses of alkali soaps are also recommended. Finally, it is strongly advised not to walk barefoot in public places.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff.
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