Ureaplasma urealyticum

February 2017


Definition


Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium of the Mycoplasma family that is normally present in the urogenital tract. However, it can become pathogenic, i.e. responsible for an attack on the body. It then causes urethritis, in men, and cervicitis in women, and is considered to be a sexually transmitted infection (STI). In some cases, it may cause prostatitis in men, or pelvic inflammatory disease in women, i.e. an infection of the fallopian tubes. The consequences of this infection can be fertility problems and ectopic pregnancies.

Symptoms


Symptoms caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum are non-existent in most cases, whether in men or women. However, when symptoms appear, they mainly consist of:
  • urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) with discomfort during the emission of urine, redness of the urethral meatus, and sometimes a discharge from the said orifice;
  • prostatitis with fever, chills, diffuse pain, urinary disorders with more frequent and urgent needs, back pain;
  • cervicitis in women with urinary burning, frequent urination, and occasional discharge;
  • a PID in the most severe cases with pain in the lower abdomen, vaginal discharge, and sometimes blood.

Diagnosis


The diagnosis is confirmed with localized samples. The latter can detect the type of sexually transmitted infection affecting the patient and determine the possible presence of other pathogens such as Trichomonas, Chlamydia or Candida.

Treatment


In the case of Ureaplasma urealyticum, antibiotic treatment is given. In addition, it is recommended to search for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and identify and treat partners if necessary. Sexual intercourse should always be protected until healing.

Prevention


Safe sex, especially for people with multiple partners, help prevents contamination.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff. Latest update on July 23, 2013 at 12:35 PM by Jeff.
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