Chikungunya, (CHIKV) is a clinical infectious tropical disease
belonging to the family of arboviruses (arthropod-borne diseases). It is transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes species that bite mainly during the day. The virus causing this disease belongs to the family of alphaviruses and is transmitted by blood
. Chikungunya not only affects humans, but monkeys and other animals.
Chikungunya symptoms occur after an incubation period of 2 to 12 days on average. They are:
Joint pain and severe fatigue can persist for several months after the initial diagnosis.
The diagnosis is made through a blood test, a PCR TST or serology.
There is no vaccine against Chikungunya nor is there any preventive treatment. The attending physician will prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs
to fight against joint pain. Rest is also recommended.
One must proceed with high vigilance, especially when traveling in the tropics, with simple gestures such as wearing long clothing, using insect repellent, spraying insecticide on clothing and the use of general insecticides.
Original article published by
. Translated by Jeff