Chikungunya

June 2017


Definition


Chikungunya, (CHIKV) is a clinical infectious tropical disease belonging to the family of arboviruses (arthropod-borne diseases). It is transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes species that bite mainly during the day. The virus causing this disease belongs to the family of alphaviruses and is transmitted by blood. Chikungunya not only affects humans, but monkeys and other animals.

Symptoms


Chikungunya symptoms occur after an incubation period of 2 to 12 days on average. They are:
Joint pain and severe fatigue can persist for several months after the initial diagnosis.

Diagnosis


The diagnosis is made through a blood test, a PCR TST or serology.

Treatment


There is no vaccine against Chikungunya nor is there any preventive treatment. The attending physician will prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to fight against joint pain. Rest is also recommended.

Prevention


One must proceed with high vigilance, especially when traveling in the tropics, with simple gestures such as wearing long clothing, using insect repellent, spraying insecticide on clothing and the use of general insecticides.

Related

Original article published by . Translated by Jeff. Latest update on November 20, 2013 at 09:19 PM by Crashounette.
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