Septic shock is an acute circulatory failure following a bacterial infection. This is the most serious form of inflammatory response. There are many cases of septic shock, especially in the ICU after surgery. It is caused by the infection of a patient's open wounds. Septic shock is caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood or in the presence of microbes within tissues that are usually sterile. In the most severe cases of septic shock, some organs of the body show a significant deficiency
that can lead to death.
Symptoms of septic shock include:
- symptoms common to various shocks like hypotension, pallor, tachycardia, cyanosis and coldness of the extremities, loss of consciousness or coma, increased respiratory rate and reduction of the formation of urine. Other signs which indicate septic shock:
- fever or, on the contrary, hypothermia;
- an identified or suspected infection.
The diagnosis of septic shock is performed by locating the bacteria in the blood. Blood samples are taken and blood is cultured to identify the causative bacteria. However, depending on the severity of the impact, diagnosis and treatment are carried out simultaneously.
==Treatment== depends on the nature, cause and severity of the septic shock. Initially, the physician will provide infusions to increase the volume flowing through the blood vessels. If the volume remains insufficient, he may use other emergency drugs such as dopamine or norepinephrine
. In the case of deep shock, the patient may need to be intubated. Meanwhile, antibiotics
must be administered as soon as possible, and the treatment is then adapted depending on the organism identified in blood cultures. In case of severe septic shock, the patient may be admitted to the ICU.
Prompt treatment of bacterial infections in hospitals is highly recommended as well as vigilance in the operating room with strict aseptic techniques and respect for basic hygiene.