Ear Infection (Otitis Media): Symptoms and Treatments

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Otitis media is an infection and inflammation of the middle ear. It is the second most frequent infection in children after a cold.

Ear infections can happen separately, or present with another infection, such as a cold or sore throat. One or both ears can be affected.

Symptoms of Otitis Media

Ear infection can be accompanied by ear ache, pulling ears, and crying in pain. Buzzing in the ear and a feeling of a blocked ear, as well as temporary reduced hearing in the affected area are other symptoms.



If the ear drum bursts, the appearance of a yellow liquid (pus) or a small amount of blood can be seen leaking from the ear.

It can be associated with a common cold, therefore runny nose is also often present. Tiredness, fever, headaches, sore throat, and difficulties in sleeping can accompany otitis media.

Treatment

Do not lay your child on the side of the infected ear, because this position will worsen the pain.


Most ear infections are viral, especially when associated with a cold. Therefore, antibiotic treatment is not given, unless a bacterial infection is suspected.

You may administer regular paracetamol for pain, and you should keep your child's nose clean.

You should avoid smoking and cigarette smoke, as this can aggravate the symptoms.

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