• Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs.
  • Bronchitis is a frequent infection in children.
  • It can be caused by a virus, sometimes bacteria and occasionally a fungus

Bronchitis generally occurs after a respiratory tract infection

  • It often appears after an upper respiratory tract infection
  • Nasal secretions run down the back of the throat and finally reach the bronchi.

Bronchitis symptoms


  • Cough: is the major symptom of bronchitis. It can persist for several days, even 2 weeks in certain cases
  • A dry cough which loosens after a few days developing into a more productive cough with purulent phlegm.
  • Rapid and difficult breathing

Other symptoms

  • Congested nose
  • Thick secretions from the nose or the throat
  • Fever
  • Thoracic pains and feeling of burns around the sternum
  • Tiredness, achey

See your GP

  • Consider having an X-ray of the lungs, still called chest X-ray
  • Antibiotic treatment may be required
  • In severe cases respiratory physiotherapy can be beneficial
  • Reduce any fever

Make an emergency appointment if

  • excessive coughing with violent episodes
  • Productive cough and if the sputum contains blood
  • Any difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath, signs and symptoms of wheeze.
  • Signs of respiratory distress - blue lips, struggling to breath when feeding, or talking, use of the muscles in between the rib spaces and under the diaphragm
  • A fever higher than 39 degrees
  • If he is worn-out...

Recurrent bronchitis

Reoccurring episodes of bronchitis may raise concern and further investigations necessary to exclude any underlying cause such as asthma, allergy or lung disease..
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