Alcohol and pregnancy

The consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, even in small quantities, can have serious consequences on a child's health.

Alcohol passes from maternal blood to the fetus through the placenta and affects the fetus.
  • Alcohol consumed by a pregnant woman passes into the baby's blood stream. The liver and kidney's of the baby are too immature and are unable to eliminate the alcohol..
  • The more alcohol consumed in early pregnancy , the more the risk to the fetus there is.
  • The central nervous system of the fetus is affected.
  • Fetal Alcoholism is the leading cause of non-genetic mental handicaps in children .

The current recommendation is to not consume any alcohol during pregnancy and before conception.

Even very low daily amounts of alcohol during pregnancy can cause complications

  • Stunted fetus
  • Risk of Miscarriage
  • Prematurity
  • Mental disorders or child behavior disorders:
    • Mental retardation
    • Learning disabilities.
    • Attention deficit disorder.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is as a result of excessive consumption of alcohol during pregnancy

Its symptoms:
  • Abnormalities of the baby's face
  • Low birth weight and small stature
  • A malformation of the skull and brain and nervous disorders
  • The central nervous system is affected which can lead to developmental delays, low intelligence and learning disabilities, hyperactivity, attention deficit disorders and/or memory disorders, aggressive behavior and difficulty in solving problems.

For more information