Diabetic ketoacidosis - Definition

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Definition


Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes consisting of an acidification of the blood. When there is a lack of insulin in the blood (which is the case in diabetes), the degradation of lipids is raised to supply energy to the organism and this degradation forms ketone bodies. It is these ketone bodies that, in excessive amounts, are responsible for the acidification of the blood. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be a way of discovering diabetes, but can also appear in stable diabetics due to an error in taking insulin, an infection, a stressful event, or an intercurrent event such as cardiac arrest.